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#FeesMustFall: You cannot ask women to be vocal in public and silent in private

There are many reactions to what is happening right now. There are feelings of annoyance, anger, feelings of injustice and indifference. The selection is an emotional buffet. But one thing no one can deny is that this is the stuff of legends. Many will remember, or make up, where they were during the epic #FeesMustFall movement. People will talk about #NationalShutDown in future with the same enthusiasm and analysis reserved for the Women’s March, Arab Spring and other turning points in history.

It’s a time when the police threw stun grenades, students ran from tear gas, and were arrested in droves.

History is being created by students and at the centre of this are women.

This is no surprise. No good revolution happens without women. We are passionate, compassionate, intelligent and always give a mean quote. In many an instance women have been integral to the highs and sustainability of a movement.

What is also no surprise is that when the dust settles it is the women who are the first to be forgotten. This often is a direct result of the internal workings of a movement. A friend in the UK commented that it seemed as if women and LGBTI people were leading and integral to the #NationalShutDown movement.

Students march through the campus of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg on October 21, 2015. (AFP / Marco Longari)
Students march through the campus of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg on October 21, 2015. (AFP / Marco Longari)

This in many ways is true, women are some of the loudest and most powerful voices seen to be leading those taking to the streets as well as being vocal in negotiations.

But what the cameras, interviews and sound bites do not show are the moments when women try and speak within the private political spaces and are hit back with phrases such as “this feminism is counter-revolutionary, comrade”. When women try and lead struggle songs and are told they cannot and must let the men lead them. The story is not told of how women are sexually harassed by their own “comrades” some of who see them as something to hit on in between marches.

It’s the old dichotomy women in black empowerment movements have had to endure — being sidelined and relegated to the back, all based on the idea that first we sort out the racism then we come back for you.

People are quick to quote June 16 as a powerful time of change, and the integral power of young people in society but South Africa has a schooling system that was in 2014 ranked last out of 148 in terms of the quality of maths and science education in a report published by the World Economic Forum. It goes without saying that youth employment is a problem.

And now there is a #NationalShutDown. June 16 or not, young people were clearly left behind when the revolutionary dust settled.

This time around women are woke to this (as the cool kids say) and refuse to be silenced, refuse history to repeat itself. At Wits women who were told they could not lead the songs, went and sang their own. And online, women were challenging the “behind-the-scenes” narrative with hashtags such as #MbokodoLead.

I heard from one powerful trans-woman about how she was told understanding how different identities interact within a movement was “expensive”, what was important was empowering the black movement, ending racism. I personally overheard a man looking at a campaign against sexual abuse say the sign should not read “end rape culture” but “end structural racism” as if the idea of racism was far worse than a woman being raped. As if we are unable to have more than one conversation at a time about structural injustices.

This speaks to the structure of a struggle, the leaders were men, we as Africans respect our elders, they led, we “won”, they forgot.

We are living in a South Africa that tried to build itself without young people, without women and too a large extent without the so-called “previously disadvantaged people”, because of the nature of hierarchy within the struggle system, and now we are here. This grading of the suitability of leaders based on age and gender within movements is what has landed us in this position where #FeesMustFall is a national issue, #Marikana is a part of reality, and we still desperately need #16DaysOfAcitvism all year round. We forgot about young people, the worker and women once certain men reached the top.

Intersectionality is not an expensive word, it is integral to building up a people because no-one is simply one thing.

The idea that addressing gender equality hinders the student movement can be construed as: We don’t really want empowerment for everyone, we want empowerment for black men.

If this is the case then please tell us, we can go make a plan elsewhere. Life is too short to play maid to someone’s movement.

If you are to call on women’s bodies to protest and their minds to speak to the media then you must respect your sisters, not as subordinates, but as peers. Furthermore, as a black woman whose university was paid for by the mother who raised me, the money you are fighting for is hers. In light of this women’s voices need to be at the forefront. Women in South Africa and Africa are, on their own, raising many of those who now protest.

If the idea of women leading is “agonising men” (as one person put it) or “damaging the revolution” then this revolution clearly is not for everyone and we should be honest about it and women can go their own way.


  • Kagure Mugo is the co-founder and full-time curator of HOLAAfrica! She is a part-time pseudo-academic and part-time wine-bar philosopher. A nomad (who has been everywhere and belongs nowhere) with a firm belief that no-one will love Africa till she loves herself.


  1. Msimeki Nkatingi™ Msimeki Nkatingi™ 23 October 2015

    It is significant that we acknowledge that the likeliness of the majority fee payers being female, is very high; Especially considering the #MissingFatherSyndrome. It then only seems fitting in a culture such as this, that women be at the forefront of these protests.

  2. Louise Vanderbilt Louise Vanderbilt 24 October 2015

    Yes Kagure!

  3. Mary_Anne2015 Mary_Anne2015 24 October 2015

    This is a silly article which is designed to undermine the FeesMustFall movement. This issue is of paramount importance for South Africans. I am a woman and a South African. I despise the misogyny often demonstrated during many of our protests. I want it to end. However, I am also intelligent enough to understand that we need to develop a cohesive and coherent message in order to succeed in our campaign. This is not the usual petty student campus politics. This is real, it is a movement that aims at taking on the political establishment of this country and on challenging the economic status quo. Our experience from fighting against Apartheid and winning is that we cannot achieve that if we are divided and we have attention seeking silly people writing blogs to bring up issues, important as they may be, which are not related to the fees issue. If women are being raped during these protests then, yes, women should and must carry placards against rape culture. Otherwise what is the point other than trying to hijack a movement? Yes, we should also not allow men to hijack the movement and as Africans we know how to negotiate with our brothers and how to call them out when they are trying to undermine us. However, we do that in an intelligent and mature manner than does not give ammunition to the enemy.
    This movement is not an opportunity for fame greedy individuals to use it to publish silly articles which have no relevance to the current debate over fees.
    Save us your intersectionality lectures. As a black South African woman and feminist I feel offended that our genuine grievance for economic and social justice is being hijacked by people who want to score points and to improve their little writing CVs. We are fighting for our mothers who pay our fees for us, our fathers who pay the fees for us, our brothers who pay the fees for us. Most of us are studying here because of the struggles of our mothers, fathers and brothers working hard to support our education. We are not going to betray them and the movement by using it as an opportunity to score ideological points.
    If you are organising a mass protest against the sickening rape culture of our country I will be with you in the front.
    We are all students. Soon we will be going back to our classes. We are not here to do anything other than get the fees removed. We have limited time and we should not allow ourselves to be distracted. This is not a joke or one of those silly pointless campus campaigns for fame and status.

  4. Mary Racter Mary Racter 24 October 2015

    The full agenda of #MobokodoLead includes the dismantlement of patriarchal structures. I really don’t believe the women, nonbinary, LGBTQI+ leaders of the movement were ever ‘maids to the black patriarchal revolution’. But media and mainstream narratives have portrayed them as such. Erasure of their leadership and their agenda is occurring as they are making history themselves, as their won revolutionary unit.

    PLEASE can those on the outskirts of the movement mobilise to ensure the narrative of these leaders are not erased, and their revolution is not relegated in history or conventional discourse. This article and those normalising and recognising the revolution lead by black women and #MbokodoLead, should have been at the front page of Mail & Guardian and every international newspaper.

  5. Dr Vleib Dr Vleib 25 October 2015

    Thanks for this courageous piece. We can also learn from the Arab Spring, whose student uprisings were derailed & destroyed because the establishment knew how to use men’s violent sexism to destabilise & ultimately destroy student solidarity. If you look back at the unravelling of Tahrir Square, you can see the exact moment at which counter-revolutionaries were injected into the crowd: their brief was to attack young women & then pretty much to step back & let the very ‘comrades’ of those young women take over the job of violating & terrorising women. Because young men had no political vision or understanding of transectional solidarity, the ruse worked. At a terrible cost to Egypt’s freedom. What a warning to South Africa!

  6. LeahD LeahD 3 November 2015

    I’ve never heard this argument before, but it is very compelling. Thank-you for this comment. It is an important point that is so often overlooked when we reflect back on revolutions and wars — that women’s bodies and sexuality are used as sites of warfare. Can you point me in the direction to any related literature? Thanks.

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