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Black people, fight your own battles

By Jackie Shandu

Was Steve Biko over-optimistic when he said ”blacks are tired of standing on the sidelines and witnessing a game in which they should be participating”? It seems to me black South Africans do not want to be involved in the struggle for their own liberation. How else does one interpret the frenzy black people all over the country have gotten into as a result of Gillian Schutte’s letter to white people?

The letter says “Dear White People”. A white person writes to fellow white settlers to discuss their collective and unique problem of race privilege, supremacy and racism. Very well. This is precisely what Biko taught us, that the work of white anti-racists is in the white communities — they need to talk each other out of racial arrogance while we blacks talk each other out of self-hatred. Later we meet as equals, to decide on the kind of South Africa we want to build — if whites are interested. Biko reprimands white liberals out of black communities and reminds them they can’t have it both ways: gladly accept exclusive race privileges but also moonlight as anti-racists. The blatant hypocrisy is out there for everyone to see: accept skin-colour benefits and repeatedly vote back into power that racism machinery, yet make an empty claim to non-racism.

I welcomed Gillian’s letter because I thought she would create an alternative space for white activists who are crowding and collapsing the black struggle. I thought at last we would have white people talking among themselves about their issues, as opposed to the dominant practice of imposing themselves on black initiatives while their stomachs and purses are full of white privilege. With benefit of hindsight, I should have known better. Blacks, educated urban ones in particular, went crazy. It’s a combination of being star-struck, drunk, mad, high, possessed etc. All these states of body and mind at the same. This is the prevailing white effect on black bodies/minds. I am not faulting Gillian, neither am I interested in the subsequent discourse after her letter was published. I respect people and give them the necessary space to sort out their affairs. The letter is addressed to white people, written by a fellow white settler, raising issues of collective concern in the white community. I am not white, I therefore fall outside the scope and ambit of the letter.

But why has this letter caused so much noise and excitement in the black community? Therein lays the fundamental damage in the minds of black people. So unprepared and unwilling to fight their own battles, black people will celebrate any white person that purports to be doing or saying things on their behalf. Two phenomena are at play here: fear and misguided admiration. Black people fear white supremacy so much they would rather self-censor in order to remain in the good books of white people in general. Those who claim to be communist are under immense pressure to stick to the traditional Marxist lexicon of ”capital” against ”working class” even though its crystal clear that in South Africa capital is white and the working class black, save for the apartheid-created puppet black elite and the tender-manufactured political class. That’s why the victims of the ANC-sponsored Marikana massacre are all black. That’s why the victims of grand exploitation in the Western Cape farms are all black. That’s why victims of the ANC Lenasia demolitions are all black. Still, black communists prefer the abstract language so as not to offend fellow white comrades. We are a rainbow nation after all, well, so the fairy-tale goes.

The second phenomenon governing the pathetic behaviour of black people is misguided admiration for whiteness. Whiteness is shoved down our throats 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It’s on television, radio, internet, billboards, lecture theatres, company boardrooms, church halls — THERE IS NO ESCAPE FROM WHITENESS. Black people have deeply internalised the unquestionable supremacy of whiteness that even among themselves, in the ghetto, they are always exchanging ideas of how best and quickly to fully assimilate into the white culture, be it through moving to reside in Sandton, applying skin-lightening creams or plugging in straight hair to the heads of black women.

Whiteness is now a self-sustaining practice entrenched in the psyche of black people. Everybody who possesses white flesh is thus instantly admired, loved, looked up to as an ipso facto embodiment of truth, beauty, intelligent and progress. And if that possessor of the white flesh displays pity and solidarity for the never-ending horrors visited upon black bodies by white supremacy, he/she becomes an instant hero in the black community. We blacks fear whiteness, we are not prepared to confront it. We are desperate for some whites to intervene on our behalf, not unlike how some people left the soil of oppression and sailed all the way to Britain, to plead to the Queen to intervene on our behalf. Even black Americans, being a minority in the US, have never displayed such pathetic cowardice to fight against their oppression. But we, the indigenous people, the overwhelming majority have shivers down our spines from the mere thought of confronting white racism in our country.

Was Biko misguided in stating: “We are going to change South Africa. What we’ve got to decide is the best way to do that. And as angry as we have the right to be, let us remember that we are in the struggle to kill the idea that one kind of man is superior to another kind of man. And killing that idea is not dependent on the white man. We must stop looking to him to give us something. We have to fill the black community with our own pride. We have to teach our black children black history, tell them about our black heroes, our black culture, so they don’t face the white man believing they are inferior. Then we’ll stand up to him in any way he chooses. Conflict, if he likes, but with an open hand, too, to say we can all build a South Africa worth living in — a South Africa for equals, black or white, a South Africa as beautiful as this land is, as beautiful as we are.”

When will the culture of expecting white messiahs stop? When will we blacks take it upon ourselves to fight our own battles, to the exclusion of white do-gooders?

Jackie Shandu is an MA student at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, currently in Germany on an exchange programme.

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    • Kenosi Machepa

      Truth hurts but also liberates. This was exactly my thoughts as I was reading Gillian’s article and the comments thereof. Phew! Thank you black brother. I have made copies for my sons.

    • Cedric de la Harpe

      Hi Jackie, I love your comment, I challenge the hundreds of commentators on Gillian’s article to pull this comment apart.

    • sfiso

      Mjekeje its unfortunately true. We need to work hard at freeing ourselves from mental slavery and must work ven harder to hold the ANC accountable for all these wrongs.

    • GrahamJ

      Your youth and idealism come shining through. I admire your need to voice your concerns, but you blend facts with fantasy and myth.

      Both white and black ‘settled’ South Africa. It is becoming clear now (New Scientist January 2013) that mankind did not arise in Africa but in Asia and that different peoples can be VERY different from each other. For example, over 75 black athletes have run the 100m in less than ten seconds, but only one white.

      The reality is that blacks and whites ARE different, but instead of celebrating this we are told to hide it, condemn it. And worse, if a white person praises a black person that’s fine, but if a white person should criticise a black person, even if it is substantiated and true, then it is racist. This makes blacks APPEAR to have a inferiority complex, which you seem to agree with.

      You can’t have your cake AND eat it. Where do you REALLY stand? And why Germany? No-one here in SA good enough to teach you?

    • http://mail&guardian lesiba

      you ca Say that again!

    • Max

      Let us separate the races. Let us create definitions of whiteness and blackness. Let us ensure that the people embrace the categories we make for them. That way we can have a nice neat debate. We can organise the society into neat categories that suit our small brains – so that we can simplify our problems in order to fix them. Because it’s easier to deal with reality when we see it thru black and white lenses.



    • ntozakhona

      There challenge one have always found with the socialist ultra left and those who claim to be exclusive torch bearers of the Steve Biko legacy is that they are mostly self indulgent and prefer holier than thou mental gymnastics than practical programmes underpinned by revolutionary theory.

      Whiteness (baaskap) is about us, it is inflicted on us and as the disability movement correctly asserts NOTHING ABOUT US WITHOUT US. Dr Xolela Manqcu a self styled champion of Biko says the ANC has lost its non racial character and his soul mate here say we are overcrowded, typical of minds whose only struggle credentials are their bravery against ”rival” components of the liberation movement.

      Their silence was defeaning when Zuma was savaged for saying we will never become white no matter how much we straighten our hair, when he said we should give more preference to taking care of the elderly than walking dogs and providing them with expensive medical care.

      Why? Is Black Conciousness today used as a ruse to hide the fear of confronting baaskap head and disguise by heaping the blame on ”unconscientised” masses. Where would South Africa be had we waited for absolute black solidarity and concientisation to happen?

      The theory of Colonialism of a Special Type acknowledges that in South Africa the working class is black in general and African in particular, hence an analysis that talks to class and national contradictions. Visit the libraries in the former GDR for…

    • ntozakhona

      The cardinal responsibilty of a revolutionary movement is to determine the dominant contradiction at a particular point of the unfolding historical process and develop a central line to resolve it, argued Chairman Mao.

      The main liberation movement has identified that contracdiction as inequality. This base of ineqaulity find its justification in the baaskap and associated frills. Zuma and others cannot be the main contradiction despite all their real or perceived weaknesses, Mjekeje. We are not going to resolve this contradiction by sitting on the sidelines talking to ourselves whilst its perpertrators are given space to decide what or what not to do.

      The idea is to build a non racial society ( anti-racist as others would say) and our struggle should always reflect that intent. We must reduce ourselves to racists just because our oppressors are racists, we represent far more than that.

      Have you ever asked yourself why racists always cheer you on in your imagined battles against ”unconscientised” blacks?

    • ntozakhona

      Corrigenda We must NOT reduce ouselves to racist…

    • Jerome

      @Cedric de la Harpe

      Why would the hundreds of commentators on Gillian’s article try to pull this comment apart? For the most part, those tearing into Schutte’s article are probably in substantial agreement with this one.

    • ian shaw

      Jackie Shandu: If you hate white culture so much,r feel oppressed by it,and wish taht uit weren’t forced down your throat, the why have you accepted to go to Germany presumably to study and embrace white culture even more? Why not go to another African country where you could feel more at home?

    • SarahH

      @Jackie – thanks for a challenging post. At any given time someone will be able to point out a contradiction (e.g. Graham J re your studies in Germany) in the lives of those who wish for human dignity in the midst of an unjust world system that favours whiteness.

      The thing is, we will all be silent and silenced if we are called out on how implicated we currently are in the existing western system [lifestyle, language, dress, hairstyles, consumption, ideas, the eurocentric academy, etc].

      So I’m wondering, is it helpful to scold other similarly immersed people and shame them, or would it be better to make people aware, conscious, informed and educated so that they make their own decisions about the thrust of your argument?

      Between you and Ntokazona, you make powerful statements, yet for some reason your tones do not seem to educate any one of us on the ABC of how to free ourselves from mental slavery (internalised superiority & inferiority). Lets accept that we are all enslaved in one way or another – even those who point it out.

      Get us to think, and we will ‘do’ over time – if we choose to. Don’t underestimate the time it takes for an idea to percolate. Us humans are slow that way. And Ntokazona is right, there must be a middle way – the alternative is to give the over privileged the space to maximise their power & privilege while we try to get over what they did in the past. There must be a way to do both AND arrest trans-historical inequality together.

    • Wildcat

      I hate this word “settler”
      I’m 3rd generation South African.
      My great grandparents were settlers, probably so were yours.
      I am African, and I DON’T care if anyone disgrees because I’m pale.

      You want to come right in life, then come right, stop whining about what other people should do for you. Do it for yourself!

    • Miranda

      Wow, thought provoking read. This is true, we see ourselves as totally incapable of solving our own difficulties. We do not just do this as you mentioned above, we also seek solutions and “salvation” from our leaders and we are always shuttered to find that freedom does not come by political means but through the consciousness of the mind and self-realisation. If we all KNEW ourselves and were cool with our own identities we would be able to do all things.

    • Lennon

      I can’t disagree with what Biko had to say. Had I been born black, perhaps I might hold a different opinion.

      What I would like to know above all else is this: If this philosphy is to be followed should any assistance / support from whites be accepted or turned down?

    • BillyC

      At least Jackie Shandu is articulating a black persons view of blackness within a “white” paradigm . While Shandu is careful not to knock Gillian Scutte repetitive anti white rants, it is clear, by his own argument, that Scutte is nothing but another white poseur to black conciousness.

      Where both Shandu and Scutte are dangerously wrong is that attainment of black conciousness can only be articulated though anti white polemics. Its facile to pin Marikana, de Doorns and Lenasia on whites, as there are many contributing factors in each which have nothing to do with race. The fact that the victims are black does not, ipso facto, mean the perpetrators are therefore white

    • Dave Harris

      Well, well, well Jackie Shandu, forgive me but I think you’re all talk and no action dude! 😉

      Why haven’t you written before on Thoughtleader?
      White superiority, vis-a-vis black inferiority, is foisted on us from the cradle to the grave, so education reform and media reform is of paramount importance. What have you done to further these reforms?

    • Richard

      Here I was celebrating the fact that we have such a large black elite that drives cars, runs businesses, directs fashions, makes music…that nobody could consider blacks lower than anyone. Those in the US ghettos can be forgiven for thinking they have no chance at life, but here we show what blacks are capable of.

      But I guess if you’re focused on the glass being half-full, you might miss that.

    • mike venter

      What are you doing in Germany spending time with the evil whites?
      You know nothing about white thinking yet you want to make remarks on whites?
      How old are you, have you experienced one day of apartheid to preach to others?

    • ntozakhona

      Shandu Biko was a towering intellectual and am sure many of his ideas still hold water, I know however he was informed by conditions of his time when the liberation movement was in a lull due to bannings and hangings post the Sharpville massacre.

      The organisations that were active were NUSAS ( an alliance of SRCs from liberal universities) and some white liberal formations less exposed to brutality. These practically were the ”struggle voice” of Africans. He did not claim to invent black leadership and self reliance as those who trade in his name seek to convince us.

      If you read the works of Pixley ka Isaka Seme and Langalibalele Dube you will realise we have been ceased with black awareness and unity for more than 100 years. African leadership was a principle of the ANC till its Kabwe Conference of 1985. One of Steve Biko’s friends and political confidants was the editor of Daily Dispatch, Woods? It cannot be demonstrated that Biko preached racial exclusivity.

      ”God forbid that our minds become the property of someone else” wrote Sol T Plaatje in his Native Life in South Africa circa 1913. Sounds black conciousness to me.

    • JJ

      Dear Jackie
      I am an eighth generation white South African. I did not settle in South Africa. I was born here. I have AS MUCH RIGHT to be here as anybody who claims to be South African.

      Your call for the exclusion of “white do-gooders” is the basis of the mess this country is in. Why rebel against anyone who shares your opinion on matters? Is it yours exclusively?

      I hope while you further your studies you make time to reflect on the “white do-gooder” that actually sat down, did the research and wrote the book you are reading and by dong that, made you richer as a person by sharing knowledge.

      Take pride in yourself and where you come from, work hard and live a good life.

      Learn from whoever is willing to teach, let another show you a way you have not thought of and grow as an individual. Ask questions and find an even better way.

      Anybody who every studied knows that a little help along the way makes the journey, and ultimate accomplishment, not any less your own. The feeling of victory is not diminished by getting help along the way. These things you accomplish in life are the basis of true confidence. Confidence cannot be inherited – you have to work for it. I for one am willing to share what I know and learn from whoever is willing to teach.

      I am no white do-gooder. I am just a South African who is willing to contribute whatever I can. Don’t throw it back in my face because of my race.

      Try putting away the labels, we all know that adds no value.

    • Facts People




      A final bug bear. This 350 to 400 year stuff bandied around. Each person is themself and no one is even 120 years old. Most on these blogs are around 20 to 50. Libraries are everywhere. Scholarships are available to achievers to study a huge range of subjects. All vile white contributions to the continent.

    • Rendy

      There is strength in numbers (blacks being the majority), however, that number has to stand together. The thing we lack in our communities is UNITY. Tribalism needs to come after ‘being black’.

      You mentioned that the Black Americans are the minority, yet they fought their own battles, that is because they were UNITED under their identity as being the same, equals.

      Very often, black people prefer to associate within their own comfortable sub culture.

      Blacks are tribal elitists, they will only want to celebrate the Nguni cultures. I would like to see Tsonga and Venda as part of that ‘black community’ but I so often do not. Like Glen Lewis said one day, as a Venda man (after apartheid – when Venda was integrated back into SA), he did not feel as though he was considered as part of the country.

      You want to see black people fight for their liberties, this is where it starts -Zulu brother, be open minded, and acknowledge your Tsonga brother as being a ‘part’ of you.

      Once we have our unity sorted, we will be a formidable force!

    • Just a Thought

      As a white person I will try and say this as respectfully as possible. The black population do need to become more confident in themselves because I see a lot of matriculants who leave school with a passing rate and immediately search for employment as house cleaners or gardeners.

      Is it because it is easy money or is there a lack of confidence in tackling the bigger economy? Serious question.

    • ciara

      Truth truth truth……

    • Tofolux

      The problem with all this theorising is that it gets us nowhere. In fact, this philosophising and undue idealism is simply that idealism. It fails to correctly grasp what is on the ground. @Jackie, instead of all this theorising I suggest you go into a township and ask any person if they have read the letter and secondly, I would venture to say that most ”blacks” that you claim ”went crazy” have no knowledge of this letter. Also, you have quoted and mis-used Biko in an incorrect context. I say this against a background of a Ruth First, a Joe Slovo, the Buntings, Beyers and Ilse Naude, Bram Fischer etc, I mean the list goes on. Are you invalidating their contribution because of their ideas and superiority complex around (something which they abandoned) whiteness? It must be correct to accept ANY soldiers who fights against inequalities. This is the difference between the ruling party and BCM and also well documented by writers who captured our “freedom stories” throughout Africa eg Amilcar Cabril and others. Also what about the contribution of international activists who fought relentlessly against the apartheid govt? Are we discrediting their contribution. The letter must be taken its its proper context ie raising concerns about national unity and building social cohesion in our country post apartheid. It raises issues of concern about the role and relevance of some of our countrymen. It suggests that they continue to fail us and discredit all the our gains.

    • Vinki Mdluli

      Absolutely true, must admit though I am guilty of being the type of Black who gets a shiver down his spine when the truth has to be told to Whites.

    • Terence S

      Sadly, we live in a society that is so race focused, its ridiculous. Many people, of all colours, don’t even realise that they’re racists, because in SA its normal. Only when we start to truly see each other as equals, will things start to get better. We call people who have been here for centuries settlers, we question why a black person would want to study in Germany, we have racist TV ads, its okay for people to support their families on R70/day, the list goes on. White people need to lose their sense of superiority, and black people need to drop this inherited inferiority complex. We are different, but we are equal! We’re wasting a golden opportunity for greatness in SA, all because we see the world through race tainted glasses.

    • http://[email protected] Nkosi Mambo

      Quite thought provoking, Shandu. It’s true, all educated Africans are somewhat entrapped in whiteness, including Shandu and I. Check the language we use to communicate for instance. To what extent is this different from that African woman using skin lightening creams?

      Racism is here to stay as long as there are resources to own and fight for. However, Africans should fight to own and exploit their resources. We’re the only race in the world not enjoying benefits from our resources. Of course a few of our brothers and some corrupt lackeys are smiling all the way to the bank. But the majority are suffering. So it’s the struggle for resources. The provileges that the racists and anti-racists are enjoying today come from the historical imbalances that will remain until the majority of Africans realise that ownership of resources is a key factor. Even in our poor communities, the one with a big herd of cattle is highly regarded, the same with our economy today. So our people will continue to regard whites as superior because the majority of whites continue to benefit from our resources. I’m saying our resources because if you go to Europe you won’t find an African owning natural resources there!

    • Stephen

      @ Wildcat: yep, ‘settler’ is an odd word. The only real ‘non-settlers’ in Southern Africa were the Koisan, who ‘occupied the large areas of the sub-continent where summer crops failed.

      At roughly the same time the bantu tribes were migrating south along the east coast, the Europeans were making contact in the Cape.

      And what about the ‘whites’ (berbers, et al) north of the Sahara?

      Settlers too?

    • Phehello

      Good article in the same mould as Gillian’s. There is no denying the points raised in both articles. Those who disagree with these sentiments are either doing so because they are just of a different view or are plain denialists.

      I would have prefered a less offensive approach to deliver such a wonderful piece of thought. This is just my preference. Naturaly when people are attacked, they tend to defend themselves. Some might even point to your name being a “white’ name and wonder why you dont have a Zulu name Mr Shandu.

      Mr Shandu please do spare a thought for a generation that was born into slavery and national disagrace just because of their skin colour. Blacks have known no other life than that of being inferior to whites. It takes wisemen to come together and rescue their people. Imagine the ANC founders if they had attacked all blacks south africans and told them they were being illtreated because they were “lazy”. We would still be languishing in apartheid.

      Leaders dont berate their people. They walk with them. People in adversity naturally take long to to see the light but when they do, they give all their support. A leader shines this light to them however long and hard it might be.

      Thanks for the article still.

    • Phehello


      i wrote my comment before i read yours. We have a similar take on the tone of the writer.

    • Sharon

      Wow, thank you. I am so in agreement with you. Yes, my sentiments exactly, Gillian wrote the letter to white people from a white person. I was impressed with that and even commented to say, ‘I’m happy to know that white people tell other white people such.’

      As for us black people, wow! I’m most shocked at the middle class, supposedly educated black folk. For all their ‘reading degrees’ and spending years at ‘the school of thought’, they’ve somehow managed to just come out with that piece of paper that will allow them to toil without thought for the rest of their lives. I once read somewhere that Africa has the most number of Bachelor Degree holders in the world and sadly that’s where it ends, no entrepreneurs, innovators, creators……

    • ‘whiteness’

      Thank you Jackie Shandu. I thought Gillian’s letter was timorous and bold and necessary, and I think you have put it into perspective, but opportunists will jump on the bandwagon to cover up their own failures and shortcomings.

    • Ivonne

      So true

    • Sicelo

      In the opening para, you wrote: “Was Steve Biko over-optimistic when he said ”blacks are tired of standing on the sidelines and witnessing a game in which they should be participating”? ”

      What part of of that Steve Biko question did you miss? Read it again and while about it, realize this; the ‘game’ Biko referred was not a contest between ‘black’ and ‘white’, directly or indirectly; but a mind occupancy with the world here and everywhere else. Also while about it, recognize this; that world is neither black nor white and so, there is no black or white way of dealing with it – a matter recognized by your pursuance of higher education anywhere you can get it, including Germany. Do yourself a favour: THINK!

    • Sam Tsima

      I am disturbed by the generalization displayed by Jackie in this article. Some of us, refuse to be referred to as being scared of our fellow white South Africans. I have white South Africans as my protégés in my Personal & Business Coaching Programme. I do not see them as superior to me. They are just my clients, and some have become my friends. South Africa of today is completely different, and blacks are fast asserting themselves. Is Jackie suggesting that black intellectuals must have kept quite and not take advantage of the opportunity to enter the debate? This country cannot continue doing things along color groupings for any longer. Many of us are involved in practical socio-economic development Programmes in the communities. I have coached and mentored more than 100 young black South Africans inside and outside corporates, e.g. at Absa, Siemens, Sasol, Motorola, Cometsa, Black Management Forum, Institute of People Management , SA German Training Services, and I will continue doing that. I am committed to the meaningful and effective South African course, especially Economic Transformation of this country. Black and white debate will remain, but I disagree that back intellectuals are stuck in the white dominance. I am now a member of the global movement, Black Business Network, , based in Atlanta, USA. Its objective is for black entrepreneurs to support each other. I am working on seeing the establishment of the South African Chapter

    • -Sterling Ferguson

      @Ntozakhona, most of Biko’s quotes came from a black American writer name DuBois. He wrote a book called the “Soul of the black folks” and in this book he talks a about the black consciousness. There are many people who think that Du Bois thinking at that time but, has become dated. There are others who think DuBois’s works don’t apply to Africa. The ANC was an American idea imported from the US.

    • -Sterling Ferguson

      @Tsima. Very good comment because in order for blacks to move forward, the blacks will have to take their chances and start their own businesses. The ANC is offering them a ticket to failure with their BEE and AA that only help people in the ANC elite squad.

    • SarahH

      @Phehello – yup, we do and I also agree with you about ‘denial’. In fact, I suggest that the current culture of denial in our country, blinds us to how we unconsciously (?) remain colonised.

      If it only took political freedom or verbal abuse from ‘free’ people to decolonise our minds, we would all be free today. We cannot be freed if we remain ‘unaware’ about the layers of oppression are all mired in – and how we in turn oppress others.

      We were made ‘unconscious’ by a centuries old system. If that is not recognised and addressed, then Jacky’s wisdom will fall on deaf ears. I hope He will see the benefit of getting his message across in a less combative way. Its a valuable message, but it remains a partial message.

    • ntozakhona

      Ferguson wena maar? How do you date knowledge and wisdom, they are not milk or chocolate. All great thinkers have read widely and are influenced by many great others before them. Your assertion that Biko took his ideas from Du Bois without providing evidence is ab intio unscientific.

    • ntozakhona

      Those dragging Shandu’s German education into this debate are really intellectually poverty stricken. I hold no brief for Shandu and find his political ideas archaic but to try and limit his horizons is just madness.

    • Pingback: Black people, fight your own battles « Habari Gani, America!()

    • Tendai

      Once in while I see a blog that takes the words right out of my mouth. I am in the US where my fellow africans rant and rave about aid being given to africa. About how the west needs to do something. I am always torn as I wish to ask what africans are doing for africa!

      Even though you are in Germany, broadening your horizons, it shouldn’t be used to cloud the good in your post, because there is no shame in studying abroad in an era of globalization!

    • richie

      Whats a thought provoking piece. If only blacks understood the power they have they would be succesful and proud of who they are.

      Thanks for many like you

    • Hlarane Wa Afrika, Legoabe

      @GrahamJ I beg to differ with you when you say that both black and white people are settlers. You cannot have a settler without the native/ingenious peoples. They both complement each other, its either you do not have settlers and you only have natives or you have both the settler and (former) colonised natives. In our context you have white people, who will forever be settlers in Azania, and the natives (azanians). Democracy and a “rainbow nation” through the TRC does not erase this fact. White people came to Azania using ships and occupied it as settlers. In short settler can never become a native (Mamdani M, 1998), unless they both perish and the land in which they lived in re-oocupied by other people.

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